Statement of the Problem on effectiveness of traffic congestion solutions
This study will aim to identify the effectiveness of traffic congestion solutions for enhancing economic growth in Tanzania. Since 1990’s, the government has placed high priority to road construction of road network to various regions, noting that good transport infrastructure is vital to delivering other goods and services in the economy and serving the social requirements of the population.
It also recognized the importance of maintenance to preserve the quality of the infrastructure and ensure that it continues to deliver benefits to the economy over the long term.
Due to the improvement of infrastructure and development of cities in Tanzania, the problem of traffic congestion was inevitable to cities especially in Dar es salaam where some economic activities are performed late by failure of workers to attend working places early.
Mondschein et al. (2009) found that, Companies, organizations both public and private sectors as well as self-employed citizens every day loose part of their income due to traffic congestion problem a factor that weaken the country’s development speed.
Kavalec (2003) supply of road space is mainly determined by past investment decisions and current operations. Changes in the supply side of road space thus involve construction of new road space or reductions in existing road space. Changes in traffic operations are also considered to be supply side measures.
Another study conducted by Weisbrod (2001), congestion mitigation actions are part of the broad and complex land use and urban planning and general transport master planning process unique to each urban region. Furthermore, roadway congestion impacts not only road users but all urban inhabitants.
The success of the implementation of actions targeting congestion depends on many factors such as place, date, the economic and demographic situation and the type of congestion. In contrast, higher levels of congestion travelling delay (travel delay models) appear to be associated with decreasing job growth rates, but there is no evidence of a drag on regional productivity growth per worker (Lewis 2012).
Statement of the Problem on effectiveness of traffic congestion solutions. The policymakers are developing the appropriate strategic vision of the congestion management process in order to guide the selection of specific and necessarily varied congestion management measures for their city Orfield (2008).
Boarnet (1997) businesses point out that congestion costs them money, individuals feel that congestion robs them of time that could be spent more usefully or at least more enjoyably and city officials feel that congestion hinders their city’s economic vitality and growth prospects.
All of these are valid concerns and thus the problem formulation relating to congestion is typically “get rid of it”. A better approach might be to focus not on the negative (“get rid of congestion”) but on the positive.
Statement of the Problem on effectiveness of traffic congestion solutions. This researcher intends to bridge the knowledge gap left by past researcher’s studies so as to identify the effectiveness of traffic congestion solutions for enhancing economic growth in Tanzania.